Effect of antibiotics on human body
Introduction: When you use an antibiotic, it enters your circulation system and travels through your body, eliminating bacteria yet not human cells. There are a couple of differences, however, between friendly and harmful bacteria. Antibiotics kill not only the bad bacteria affecting your health but also the friendly bacteria that reside in your body.
Friendly bacteria help keep you healthy in multiple ways, so when antibiotics kill friendly bacteria, you may fall ill because you lose these advantages. Furthermore, losing friendly bacteria can give other types of bacteria space to duplicate, leading to infections.
Antibiotics do not battle infections caused by viruses. Rather, symptom relief might be the best alternative option for viral diseases.
Be smart when you use antibiotics to fight bacterial infections. When you take antibiotics in an appropriate way, you do the best for your health and your family’s well-being.
Taking antibiotics for viral infections, such as colds, influenza, most sore throats, bronchial infections, and many sinus or ear infections:
- Will not cure the infection
- Will not keep other individuals from becoming ill
- Will not assist you or your kid feels better
- May cause unnecessary and harmful symptoms
- May contribute to antibiotic resistance that happens when bacteria are able to oppose the effects of antibiotic and cause harm to the body
- Prolonged rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medicines may be your or your child’s best treatment option against viral infections.
- Keep in mind there are potential hazards when taking any prescription drug. Unnecessary antibiotics may cause harmful side effects and future antibiotic-resistant infections.
What to Do
Do not presume that you are healthy when your health specialist doesn’t recommend antibiotics. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment for your sickness.
Try to know about the measures to reduce the viral symptoms
Ask your doctor about over-the-counter medication options that can reduce symptoms.
- Drink more liquids
- Take a lot of rest
- Soothe your throat with smashed ice, sore throat spray, or capsules
- Use a saline nasal spray or cool-mist vaporizer to alleviate nasal block
- In the event that you are diagnosed with the seasonal flu, there are flu antiviral medications that can be used to treat viral infection.
- Judge whether it’s bacteria or virus that got you sick. Antibiotics only treat bacterial illness. Viral infection cannot be cured with antibiotics.
- When an antibiotic is not prescribed, ask your health expert for tips on how to alleviate manifestations and feel better.
If you have a cold, stuffy nose, bronchitis, sore throat chest cold, flu or fluid in the middle ear, it is probably caused by a virus and does not require an antibiotic medication. If you have strep throat orwhooping cough it is most likely caused by bacteria and require antibiotics.
What Not to Do
- Do not request antibiotics when your doctor says they are not required.
- Do not take an antibiotic for a viral disease
- Do not take antibiotics prescribed for others. The antibiotic may not be appropriate for your sickness. Taking an improper medicine may delay correct treatment and allow bacteria to develop.
If your healthcare expert recommends an antibiotic for a bacterial infection:
- Do not skip the medicine
- Do not stop taking the antibiotics abruptly unless your healthcare specialist tells you to do so.
- Do not store any of the antibiotics for the next time you or your family member gets sick
Try to discern the type of infection before taking an antibiotic
When you visit your specialist, be as specific as possible about all of your symptoms so that he or she figures out the cause. Figuring out whether it’s bacterial or viral infections step one.
For instance, symptoms such as a constant high fever (above 102 degrees), severe facial pain and nasal discharge may imply a bacterial sinus infection. Most sinus infections are viral, but if these symptoms remain for many days without improvement that would obviously be a bacterial infection. Likewise, that same high fever combined with ear pain may be signs of an ear infection caused by bacteria. In both cases, taking antibiotics would be appropriate for you.
However, not all infections are bacterial. A -grade fever and stuffy head might be signs of a virus, for instance. It’s important to work with your health care professional to get a proper diagnosis and then proceed with the proper treatment.
Taking inappropriate antibiotics may cause more harm than good
Here’s the problem with excessive usage of antibiotics: Bacteria adapts.
Bacteria become more resistant to medicines gradually, making it difficult to treat them. In some cases, this leads to viable drug-resistant bacterial infections.
For people, drug-resistant bacteria make it difficult to find drug options that work when you experience a severe illness. On a broader sense, this resistance can be harmful making it easier for an infection to grow.
Antibiotics do not work for any infection
The antibiotics that function for a urinary tract infection aren’t the similar ones that will battle for strep throat. The broad-spectrum antibiotics used to fight infections are different from the very specific antibiotic your health care professional may prescribe to cure a bacterial ear infection.
If you take the wrong medication, it won’t work effectively.
Moreover, it may have unpleasant and undesirable adverse effects. In most cases, antibiotic side effects are less harmful. But, for example, taking those broad-spectrum antibiotics for a prolonged of time can put you at risk for C. diff, a severe infection that is difficult to treat.
You should not save old antibiotics for future purpose
Many patients take the antibiotics that were used for previous illness
That’s a bad thing. As mentioned above, different antibiotics treat different types of bacterial infections. You can’t just presume that the leftover antibiotic would work. And, likewise, taking the wrong medicine will put you at risk and develop drug resistance in the near future.
None of this information should cause any fear for taking antibiotics as prescribed when you really need them. But doctors need to recommend them with caution and patients should be aware that they are not a risk-free treatment.
In spite of an increasing awareness of antibiotic resistance in the recent time, extreme usage still occurs for many reasons:
- Health specialists generally prescribe antibiotics before receiving test results that detect the possible cause of infection
- People who wish to have an instant relief from symptoms, irrespective of the cause of illness, may insist doctors for antibiotic prescriptions.
- People may prefer antibiotics bought abroad or via the Internet for self-diagnosed infections
- Individuals may take medications that are leftovers from an earlier prescription.
Conclusion:The answer to the debatable question of whether antibiotic is harmful or helpful relies on the patient who uses it. Antibiotics are prescribed for many infections. But overuse of such medications, using left-overs or an inappropriate use may pose a threat to the health of an individual. Therefore, the person should take careful consideration and consult a doctor before taking the antibiotic. This would help you to be stay healthy and free from antibiotic-resistant infections.
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- The effects of antibiotics on the microbiome, Side effects of antibiotics during bacterial infection
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- Type of infection before taking an antibiotic, Antibiotics may cause more harm than good, Antibiotics for future purpose
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