Platelets, also known as thrombocytes, are small pieces of blood cells. They form in your bone marrow, a sponge-like tissue in your bones. Platelets play a major role in blood clotting. Normally, when one of your blood vessels is injured, you start to bleed. Your platelets will clot (clump together) to plug the hole in the blood vessel and stop the bleeding
• If your blood has a low number of platelets, it is called thrombocytopenia. This can put you at risk for mild to serious bleeding. The bleeding could be external or internal. There can be various causes. If the problem is mild, you may not need treatment. For more serious cases, you may need medicines or blood or platelet transfusions.
• If your blood has too many platelets, you may have a higher risk of blood clots.
• When the cause is not known, this is called thrombocythemia. It is rare. You may not need treatment if there are no signs or symptoms. In other cases, people who have it may need treatment with medicines or procedures.
• If another disease or condition is causing the high platelet count, it is thrombocytosis. The treatment and outlook for thrombocytosis depends on what is causing it.
Foods to eat to increase platelet
• Folate-rich foods
• Foods rich in vitamins B-12, C, D, and K
• Iron-rich foods
- Folate-rich foods:
Folate is an essential B vitamin for healthy blood cells. Folic acid is the synthetic form of foliate. Vitamin B-9 includes both folate and folic acid and is important for several functions in the body. According to the British Dietetic Association (BDA), folic acid is vital for making red blood cells.
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), adults require at least 400 micrograms (mcg) of folate daily, and pregnant women need 600 mcg.
Foods containing folate or folic acid include:
• Dark, leafy green vegetables, such as spinach and Brussels sprouts
• Beef liver
• Black eyed peas
• Poultry field breakfast cereals and dairy alternatives
People should be careful not to consume excessive amounts of folic acid from supplements or fortified foods because high levels can interfere with vitamin B-12 function.Eating lots of folate-rich foods does not cause problems.
Which mean the seed of any plant in the Fabaceae family, including beans, peas, lentils, Kidney Beans and Soybeans etc. Although the exact amount of folate in legumes can vary, they’re an excellent source of folate.
For example, one cup (177 grams) of cooked kidney beans contains 131 mcg of folate, or about 33% of the RDI .
Legumes are rich in plant protein, fiber, B-vitamins, iron, folate, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and zinc. … The body uses the carbohydrates in legumes slowly, over time, providing steady energy for the body, brain, and nervous system. Eating more legumes as part of a healthy diet can help lower blood sugar, blood pressure, heart rate, and other heart disease and diabetes risks. They are a key food in healthy diets and have many benefits.
Leafy green vegetables:
Dark green leafy vegetables such as Arugula, Broccoli, lettuce and Spinach are great sources of nutrition ,sources of many vitamins (such as vitamins A, C, and K and folate) and minerals (such as iron and calcium). They’re also great sources of fiber. Because of their high content of antioxidants, green leafy vegetables may be one of the best cancer preventing foods.
Eating a diet rich in leafy greens can offer numerous health benefits including reduced risk of obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure and mental decline
Sweet and earthy beets are packed with surprising health benefits. Beets are great essential everyday nutrients like B vitamins, iron, manganese, copper, magnesium, and potassium,
Beets are rich in nitrates, which the body converts to nitric oxide a compound that relaxes and dilates blood vessels, turning them into superhighways for your nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood. That means better circulation, and possibly lower blood pressure.
They are also rich in a plant alkaloid called betaine, as well as the B-vitamin folate, which together deliver a one two punch for lowering blood levels of homocysteine, which in high levels increases your risk for artery damage and heart disease.
Beets are great sources of Nitric oxide, Nitric oxide relaxes and dilates your blood vessels, which in turn increases blood flow to the brain which could bring on better brain function. That’s particularly important as we age
An amino acid found in beets (as well as spinach and quinoa) can help prevent and reduce the accumulation of fat in the liver.
Citrus Fruits (think: oranges, lemons, tangerines, limes, and grapefruit) is an excellent source of immune boosting vitamin C which is why so many people reach for these fruits during cold and flu season. But citrus offers many other impressive health benefits, as well
- Foods That Are High in Vitamin B12 :
Folic Acid and vitamin B12 are needed for body functioning and for normal growth.
Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Similar symptoms to that of Folic Acid deficiency including:
• Nerve damage
• Numbness in hands and feet
• Tingling (pins and needles) in hands and feet
• Weakness in legs
• Pale skin
• Poor memory
Poor muscle coordination the health benefits of the vitamin B12 include:
• The formation and division of red blood cells
• Protecting the nervous system
• Synthesizing a person’s DNA
• Providing the body with energy
List of B-12 foods for vegetarians
• Low-fat milk
• Fortified plant-based milk
• Fortified cereals
• Nutritional yeast
B12 Rich foods for Non vegetarians:
Animal Liver and Kidneys: Liver and kidneys, especially from lamb, are rich in vitamin B12. Lamb liver is also very high in copper, selenium and vitamins A and B2
Beef: Beef is an excellent source of vitamin B12, If you’re looking for higher concentrations of vitamin B12, it is recommended to choose from low-fat cuts of meat
Tuna is a commonly consumed fish and great source of nutrients, including protein, vitamins and minerals, Tuna contains high concentrations of vitamin B12, especially in the muscles right beneath the skin, known as dark muscles.
Salmon is well known for having one of the highest concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids. However, it’s also an excellent source of B vitamins.
Iron Rich foods:
Iron is needed by our bodies. Its main role is in red blood cells where it helps transport oxygen. It also plays a role in our muscles and brain function, and to support our immune system. If our iron levels are low, we can feel tired and lethargic and risk getting sick more often.
Most of us know that red meat is high in iron but so are foods like poultry, fish and oysters.
There are many iron-rich foods out there for vegetarians, vegans and those choosing to eat fewer animal products. The iron found in these foods is called non Haem iron.
Non-haem iron food list:
• Legumes including lentils, chickpeas and beans (e.g. kidney beans, butter beans, etc)
• Tofu and tempeh
• Nuts and seeds
• Leafy green veggies such as spinach, silver beet, asparagus and broccoli
• Wholegrain and iron-fortified bread and cereals e.g. Quinoa, wholegrain bread
• Dried fruit – e.g. Apricots, sultanas, dates, raisins, figs and prunes
Eating certain foods may help increase a person’s platelet count naturally.