Everything you need to know about Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis Effeted Liver

Everything you need to know about Cirrhosis

People suffering from an abnormality in the functioning of their liver sometimes develop an end-stage liver disease (ie.., ascites, variceal hemorrhage, renal impairment, hepatic encephalopathy).The inflamed liver becomes unable to process natural toxins, nutrients, and drugs.

It might last for years or maybe the whole lifetime. Over a period of time, the disease has grown out to be so common that a wide percentage of people die while being on the organ transplantation waiting list. In 2017,  The disease is more common in people lying between the age group of 19-60+

Symptoms

Fatigue, weakness, and weight loss are the initial signs of cirrhosis, which may later lead to jaundice, abdominal swelling, or gastrointestinal bleeding. If you spot any such signs.

Treatment

Self-care

Low sodium diet: A professional would recommend you to lower the level of sodium (up to 2,000 mg a day) in your diet if you are suffering from cirrhosis.

Cutting of alcohol from your diet: The NIAAA published that the rate of survival (5 years) strikes up to 90 percent by omitting alcoholic drinks from your diet. If you continue consuming alcohol, then it may worsen your cirrhosis.

Medication

Lactulose :

The use of Lactulose should be performed under medical advice. Patients with higher levels of ammonia usually develop liver disease.

NSBBs :

Non-selective beta-blockers or simple NSBBs. Propranolol, nadolol, and timolol are first-generation beta-blockers, ie.., they block both beta1 and beta2 receptors, which in turn provides relief to the condition of cirrhosis.

Antiviral treatment :

By using an antiviral agent (entecavir or tenofovir) or by keeping an eye on the development of resistance, patients could be treated with lamivudine.

Endoscopic therapy :

. If a person suffers from cirrhosis, then there is a chance that the pressure in their veins increases, which in turn worsens their condition. It results in enlarged veins, which bleed further resulting, in a serious complication.

Please note – If the bleeding is not cured on time, it may lead to the death of the patient.

Inflammation :

It is an early stage of liver failure, which is usually diagnosed by enlargement or inflammation of the liver.

Fibrosis :

In this secondary stage, the healthy tissue present in the affected liver is slowly replaced by the scar tissue Scar.

Cirrhosis :

In this stage, the scarring worsens, and the ability of the liver to function properly gradually decreases.

Liver cancer :

People with cirrhosis are at a higher risk of developing liver cancer.

Prevention

Cirrhosis can also be prevented if a person is well aware of their body and the things that are, directly or indirectly harm their liver.

  • Limit your alcohol consumption.
  • Cancel out foods with added sugar such as sodas, packaged fruit juices, cookies, candies, etc.
  • Commit to a perfectly balanced diet. You may opt for a low-fat (Mediterranean diet) diet.
  • Try to avoid seafood in your diet.
  • Lower the amount of sodium in your diet. Sodium can highly affect your liver by increasing the cell death rates and lowering the cell division rate.