Magnesium help in the biochemical reactions in the body

Everything You Should Know About Magnesium

Magnesium is a mineral present in the body. It is said to be a cofactor of many enzymes in the body. These enzymes help in the biochemical reactions in the body.  The proper levels of magnesium in the body help in many body functions and maintain it.

Discovery of Magnesium

Joseph Black discovered magnesium in the year 1755. Sir Humphry Davy did the isolation of magnesium in the year 1808. The isolation was done where electricity was passed through salts which were done with the help of a battery that he made. From this, he had discovered different alkalis and metals. This method was similar to the methods used in isolating calcium, strontium and barium. The name was derived from magnesia.

In 1789, Thomas Henry reported another magnesium mineral called meerschaum or magnesium silicate. In 1792 Anton Rupprecht, heated magnesia with charcoal which produced an impure form of the metallic magnesium.  Antoine Busy, in 1830, published how pure magnesium metal can obtain. His publication was after he read Friedrich Wohler’s publication in 1828 where Friedrich explained how he had produced pure aluminum.

 chloride. Robert Bunsen, in 1852, started the commercial production of magnesium by electrolysis method.

Source, Requirements And Use of Magnesium        Sources:

Some of the food sources that contain magnesium are:

Whole Milk                                                            (12%DV)

  • Low-Fat Yogurt                                                      (11% DV)
  • Unsweetened Soymilk                                          (19% DV)
  • Butternut Squash                                                  (14% DV)
  • Swiss Cheese                                                          (2% DV)
  • Spinach                                                                   (37% DV)
  • Coconut Water                                                      (14%DV)
  • Celery                                                                      (2% DV)
  • Lettuce                                                                    (2% DV)
  • Pumpkin seeds                                                      (37% DV)
  • chia seeds                                                               (26% DV)
  • Almonds                                                                 (19% DV)
  • Cashews                                                                  (18% DV)
  • Peanuts                                                                   (15% DV)
  • Cereal                                                                      (15% DV)
  • Black beans                                                            (14%DV)
  • Edamme                                                                 ( 12% DV)
  • Potato                                                                      (10 % DV)
  • Rice                                                                          (10 % DV)
  • Breakfast cereals                                                   (10 % DV)
  • Oatmeal                                                                  ( 9% DV)
  • Kidney beans                                                         ( 8% DV)
  • Banana                                                                    (8% DV)
  • Salmon                                                                    (6% DV)
  • Halibut                                                                    (6% DV)
  • Raisins                                                                     (5% DV)
  • Bread                                                                        (5% DV)
  • Chicken breast                                                        (5% DV)
  • beef                                                                           (5% DV)
  • Broccoli                                                                    (3% DV)
  • Apple                                                                         (2% DV)
  • Carrot                                                                        (2% DV)

Requirements; (Daily Intake) 

Birth to 6 months:                                                     30 mg

7–12 months:                                                              75 mg

1–3 years:                                                                    80 mg

4–8 years:                                                                   130 mg

9–13 years:                                                                 240 mg

14–18 years:

Male:                                                                           410 mg

Female:                                                                       360 mg

Pregnancy-                                                                 400 mg

Lactation –                                                                  360 mg

19–30 years:

Male :                                                                          400 mg

Female:                                                                        310 mg

Pregnancy-                                                                  350 mg

Lactation –                                                                   310 mg

31–50 years:

Male:                                                                           420 mg

Female:                                                                        320 mg

Pregnancy –                                                                 360 mg

Lactation  –                                                                  320 mg

51+ years:

Male:                                                                           420 mg

Female:                                                                        320 mg

The Use of Magnesium:

Magnesium is an electrolyte, and it has many functions in the body. It has various roles in the body such as the transmission of nerve impulse, functioning of the cardiovascular system, maintaining the bone health, DNA synthesis, protein synthesis, metabolism of glucose and insulin, keeping the blood pressure, helps in the stabilization of cells.

Hypermagnesemia is the condition where magnesium is present in excess in the body. The average levels of magnesium in the body should be about1.7 to 2.3 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). If higher this range, then a person is said to suffer from Hypermagnesemia which ranges from about 2.6 mg/dL and more elevated.

 Other risk conditions increase including chronic kidney disease, Malnutrition, alcoholism, drugs containing magnesium, such as some laxatives and antacids, familial hypocalciuric, hypercalcemia, lithium therapy, hypothyroidism, milk-alkali syndrome.

Deficiency And Symptoms Related:

Deficient levels of magnesium are known as Hypomagnesemia. This condition can lead to various problems in the body. The Medicines, including amphotericin, cisplatin, cyclosporine, diuretics, proton pump inhibitors and aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause the deficiency.

Some of the common cause of this condition is Burns that affect a large area of the body, Chronic diarrhoea, Excessive urination, Hyperaldosteronism (a disorder where the adrenal gland releases too much aldosterone into the blood), Kidney tubule disorders, Malabsorption syndromes, such as celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, Malnutrition, swelling and inflammation of the pancreas, Excessive sweating.

The symptoms related to the deficiency of magnesium in the body include :

Loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, tingling, seizures, personality changes, heart rhythm changes or spasms, fatigue or weakness, muscle cramps, numbness.

Risk factors:

Some of the risk factors include low dietary intake of magnesium, increase in urination and fatty stools, liver disease, kidney impairment, Alcohol use, pancreatitis.

What to Take For Deficiency?

Magnesium:

MAGNESIUM tablet helps to support healthy bones, proper muscle function and nerve support.

The direction of Use:

It’s always advised to visit a doctor before taking the medication.

Overdose And Adverse Reaction:

Adverse reactions include an irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, confusion, slowed breathing, coma, and death.

Contraindication and drug interaction:

Some of the drugs that interact are Aminoglycoside antibiotics, Quinolone antibiotics, Tetracycline antibiotics, Bisphosphonates, Calcium channel blockers.

Magnesium Glycinate Tablet:

This tablet helps to provide the required magnesium content to the body.

Overdose and Adverse Reaction:

Contraindication and Drug Interaction:

Drug interactions are shown with drugs such as Demeclocycline, doxycycline, minocycline, bisphosphonate, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin.

Conclusion:

Magnesium is an essential mineral present in the body. Magnesium circulated in the bloodstream is in tiny amounts. It is stored in bones. It plays vital roles in the body. The levels of magnesium in the body should be maintained. Poor dietary conditions are the primary cause of deficiency of magnesium. are  Improving diet can improve magnesium deficiency.