Difference Between the Cold and Flu

Difference Between the Cold and Flu

The Difference Between the Cold and Flu

Common cold:

It is referred to as the upper respiratory tract infection.

Symptoms:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Congestion
  • Slight body aches or a mild headache
  • Sneezing
  • Low-grade fever

Causes:

There are many viruses that may lead to causing a cold.

  • Even contact with an infected object or person may cause a cold. If one touches their eye or mouth after such contact, they might end up catching a cold.
  • Sometimes even the change in weather leads to cold.

Diagnosis:

Common cold can be easily diagnosed with one’s symptoms.

Treatment:

There is no cure for head cold yet; it is directed more towards relieving one of its symptoms and risks.

Some remedies would involve Pain relievers, Decongestant nasal sprays and cough syrups .

Preventing the common cold:

  • Washing one’s hands
  • Disinfecting stuff
  • Using tissues
  • Avoiding people with the virus

Influenza (flu):

The virus attacks the respiratory system through the nose, throat and lungs.

It is highly contagious and spreads easily from person to person.

The flu is fairly common and can be serious enough to even cause deaths. Cold and flu go hand in hand. A cold can be the first sign of the flu.

Symptoms:

Some symptoms that the flu may cause are:

  • Fever
  • Aching muscles
  • Chills and sweats
  • Headache
  • Dry, persistent cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Eye pain
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea

Causes:

Things that may lead to the flu are:

  • People can inhale the droplets or get the germs from an infected object.
  • People with weak immune systems are very prone to catching the flu.
  • Chronic illnesses greatly increase the risk of getting the flu.
  • The flu may result in Pneumonia, Bronchitis, Asthma, heart problems, ear infections, Acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Diagnosis Treatment:

Plenty of fluids are recommended to treat the flu.  Antiviral medications may have side effects like nausea and vomiting. The side effects are reduced if taken with food.

Some home remedies would be drinking plenty of fluids, resting and taking pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen. Some people even opt to take cold medicine.

Prevention:

It helps prevent an array of viruses.

There are ways to control the spread of the infection, as well.

Cough:

The irritant stimulates nerves and sends a message to the brain which tells the muscles in the chest and abdomen to push air out of the lungs to drive out the irritant.

Symptoms:

A cough may lead to:

  • sleeplessness
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • headaches
  • urinary incontinence
  • vomiting
  • sometimes even broken ribs

Causes:

  • Common cold
  • Influenza
  • inhaling and irritant
  • Pneumonia
  • Allergies
  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • GERD
  • Laryngitis
  • Lung Cancer
  • Chronic or acute sinusitis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and many more.

Diagnosis:

The doctor can conduct tests and examinations to identify the cause of the cough.

Treatment:

Cough and cold medicines are usually provided in acute conditions like the common cold or influenza.  It interferes with sleep and has negative side effects as well.