Risk Factors of Kidney Disease

Risk Factors of Kidney Disease

Know The Risk Factors of Kidney Disease

Our bodies have several vital organs that quietly toil away to keep us functioning properly. Among these critical organs are the kidneys, two fist-sized organs that sit on either side of your spine below the ribs. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs in the renal system. They help the body pass waste as urine. All of the blood in your body flows through the kidneys several times each day to be cleansed. It’s a big job, and if your kidneys aren’t working right, that can lead to serious health problems. In fact, several kidney diseases can be life-threatening. First of all, what is this kidney disease? 

What Is Kidney Failure?

You may have symptoms from the buildup of waste products and extra water in your body. The Kidney Stones form a solid buildup of minerals in the kidney. They can cause intense pain and might affect kidney function if they block the ureter.


Sometimes, no symptoms are present.  swelling of your legs, ankles, and feet from retention of fluids caused by the failure of the kidneys to eliminate water waste

  • unexplained shortness of breath
  • excessive drowsiness or fatigue
  • persistent nausea
  • confusion
  • pain or pressure in your chest
  • seizures
  • coma


The early stage of kidney failure would be difficult to pinpoint. They’re often subtle and hard to identify. Still, the early signs of kidney stones are decreased urine output, fluid retention that leads to swelling in limbs, shortness of breath.


Kidney stone disease can be the result of several conditions or causes. The cause typically also determines the type of kidney failure.

Loss Of Blood Flow To The Kidneys

One of the major causes of this kidney damage could be a loss of blood flow to the kidneys. A sudden loss of blood flow to your kidneys can prompt kidney failure or kidney stones.

Urine Elimination Problems

Other causes could be kidney stones, an enlarged prostate, blood clots within your urinary tract and damage to your nerves that control your bladder.

Other causes are infection, blood clot in or around kidneys, drugs and alcohol, vasculitis, an inflammation of blood vessels and many more.


The stages range from a  very mild stage of kidney stones to a complete failure of the kidney. The first stage is a very mild one with no symptoms and no visible complications  This includes eating a balanced diet, regularly exercising, and not using tobacco products. Maintaining a healthy weight is important, too.

The risk factors include heart disease, inflammation, and blood disorders, that leads to the rapid progress of the disease.

The next one is the moderate stage, where kidneys aren’t working well. A blood test that measures the number of waste products in your body is used. The apparent symptoms are Swelling in hands and feet, back pain, and changes to urination frequently.

Herein, a healthy lifestyle is vital.

This is the last stage where the kidneys are nearing or are in complete failure. Symptoms of the loss of kidney function will be evident. These include vomiting and nausea, trouble breathing, itchy skin, and more. In this stage,  the need for regular dialysis or a kidney transplant has become the necessity.


Early diagnosis and optimal management via nephrology can often prevent kidney damage from becoming worse and reduce the risk of kidney stones. The diagnostic tests for kidney damage are urine tests, blood tests, blood pressure tests, imaging and biopsy.


Among the several treatments in nephrology, the type of treatment will depend on the reason for your kidney failure.


This Dialysis filters and purifies the blood using a machine. The machine performs the function of the kidneys.  It doesn’t cure the kidney damage, yet helps in extending life.

Kidney transplant

The immunosuppressive drugs are taken along, which have side effects too.


Symptoms and no visible  complication in this, pain and pressure in your chest .

prominent issues,causes are infection, Swelling in hands and feet.

waste products in your body, a severe burn,regularly exercising.


excessive drowsiness or fatigue

inflammation of blood vessels

unexplained shortness of breath



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