Everything you need to know about Heart Disease

Need to know about Heart Disease

Everything you need to know about Heart Disease

The term heart disease describes a range of conditions that negatively affect the working of a human heart. Heart diseases include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems and heart defects that you might be born with. heart attack is very much common in this time period.

Cardiovascular disease refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that lead to heart attacks, chest pains or strokes. Other heart conditions that affect a heart’s muscle, valves or rhythm, also consider heart diseases.

Few of the heart diseases which cause heart attack such as:

Arrhythmia:

 Arrhythmia refers to the possibility due to irregular heartbeat. Moreover, it usually occurs when the electric impulses coordinating the heartbeat don’t function as intended, resulting in an increase(Tachycardia) or decrease (Bradycardia) in heartbeat t. It also leads to an erratic heartbeat (Atrial Fibrillation).

 Symptoms Of Arrhythmia Are:

  • These signs are visible in an individual if they have Arrhythmia such as:
  • Fluttering in the chest
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting or near fainting

 Causes:

  • Factors that may cause Arrhythmia due to:
  • Heart attack
  • Damaged heart due to a prior heart attack
  • Disease conditions likewise cardiomyopathy
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Tobacco abuse
  • Alcohol or caffeine abuse can also cause Heart Arrhythmias.
  • Due to the use of Recreational drug
  • Excessive stress
  • Certain dietary supplements can also cause Heart Arrhythmias
  • Electric shock

 Diagnosis And Treatment:

 First a physical examination conducted with percussion and auscultation of the heart and lungs looking for any abnormal sounds or murmurs. If the doctor suspects anything the previously mentioned devices uses to confirm the hunch.

 Heart Arrhythmias does not require any treatment unless there are any visible symptoms.

 Atherosclerosis:

When fats cholesterol and other substances build up on the artery walls they restrict the blood flow.  It may result in the plaque bursting, triggering a blood clot which further may cause problems. This also considers heart disease.

 Symptoms:

Some symptoms that are visible if one has atherosclerosis are such as:

  •  Weather you have a blockage in your heart arteries
  • If you have a blockage in the arteries leading to your brain
  • Whether you have a blockage in the arteries in your arms and legs
  • If you have a blockage in the arteries leading to your kidneys

 Causes:

Factors that may result in atherosclerosis such as:

  •  White-coat hypertension
  • High cholesterol can also cause atherosclerosis
  • High triglycerides
  • Due to Smoking and other sources of tobacco
  • Insulin resistance, obesity or diabetes
  • Due to inflammation
  • Due to diabetes
  • Obesity can also cause atherosclerosis.

 Diagnosis And Treatment:

 For instance, If the pulse is weak or absent below the narrow area of the artery or if the blood pressure is decreased in an affected limb or whooshing sounds are heard over the arteries using a stethoscope. Further, Blood tests, doppler ultrasound, electro diagrams, stress tests, Cardiac catheterisation and angiograms, ankh-brachial index and other imaging tests and help deduce the results.

For treatment drugs such as; Cholesterol medicines, anti-platelet medicines, Beta Blocker medicines, Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, Calcium channel blockers as well as water pills are helpful. Further, surgical procedures like Angioplasty and stent placement, Endarterectomy, Fibrinolytic therapy and bypass surgery are effective.

Cardiomyopathy:

Cardiomyopathy affects a heart muscle that makes it more difficult for the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body.in fact, it may lead to heart failure. Three types of cardiomyopathy, dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

Symptoms:

Some visible signs of cardiomyopathy are such as:

  • Breathlessness with exertion or at rest
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet
  • Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting

Causes:

  • Factors that may have caused cardiomyopathy due to:
  • Long-term high blood pressure
  • Heart tissue damage from a heart attack
  • Chronic rapid heart rate
  • Heart valve problems
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Nutritional deficiencies of essential vitamins or minerals
  • Pregnancy complications
  • Use of cocaine, amphetamines or anabolic steroids
  • Iron buildup in your heart muscle
  • Sarcoidosis
  • A disorder that causes the buildup of abnormal proteins
  • Connective tissue disorders

 Diagnosis and treatment:

It can be diagnosed with the help of X-rays, Echocardiogram, Electrocardiogram, Treadmill stress test, Cardiac catheterisation, Cardiac MRI, cardiac CT scan and blood tests.

 It can be treated with prescribed medicines, Surgeries such as implantable cardioverter defibrillator, Ventricular assist device and pacemaker and non-surgical devices such as septal ablation and radiofrequency ablation.

 Coronary Artery Disease:

When major blood vessels are damaged or diseased they lead to Coronary artery disease.  Therefore, Inflammation and plaques are the main causes of coronary artery disease.

 Symptoms:

 Signs showing coronary artery disease such as:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart attack

 Causes:

 Actions resulting in coronary artery disease such as:

 Smoking

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes or insulin resistance
  • Not being active
  • Sleep apnea
  • Alcohol

 Diagnosis And Treatment:

 It can be diagnosed via stress tests, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, CT scan, Cardiac catheterisation as well as an angiogram.

 Therefore, It can be treated with a change in lifestyles, various drugs like aspirin, beta-blockers, ranolazine, nitroglycerin or by bypass surgery or Angioplasty and stent placement.

 Heart Infections:

Heart infections would refer to endocarditis, which is an infection that affects the inner membrane that separates the chambers and valves of the heart. Bacteria, fungi or other germs also are part of the body spread through the bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in the heart causing endocarditis.

 Symptoms:

 Visible signs of heart infections such as:

 Fever

  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Swelling in your legs or abdomen
  • Changes in your heart rhythm
  • Dry or persistent cough
  • Skin rashes or unusual spots

 Causes:

Actions that may have lead to heart infections such as:

 Improper dental care

  • Catheters
  • Illegal IV drug use
  • Old age
  • Damaged or artificial heart valves

 Diagnosis And Treatment:

 It can be diagnosed with the help of Blood test, complete blood counts, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, cheese X-ray, Ct scan or MRI.  In addition to, it treats with prescribed medicines or surgery depending on the specific condition.

Bypass Surgery:

Bypass surgery is a procedure that restores the blood flow to one’s heart muscle by diverting the flow of blood around a section of a blocked artery. It also helps redirect blood around a section of a blocked or partially blocked artery in the heart.

 Open Heart Surgery:

 Open heart surgery is a procedure that is most commonly performed. It is attached to a blocked aretray vein. This also allows the grafted artery to bypass the artery and bring fresh blood to the heart.

Heart Transplant:

A heart transplant is a procedure in which a failing or diseased heart is replaced with a healthier donor heart. in fact, this procedure is a major operation and is usually reserved for people who haven’t improved with medicines and previous surgery too. The chance of survival after this is also good a with adequate follow up care.

  Heart Stent:

  It also helps restore the flow of the blood and other fluids depending on where it is placed.

keywords of heart diseas:

arrhythmia,viral infection and inflammation of valves ,

 coronary arteries diseases,Edema ,Heart failure

hypertension,Vascular obstruction,Coronary artery disease

coronary vasposam,myocardium, hypotensions.

RELATED LINKS:

  • Breathlessness with exertion or at rest
  • Damaged or artificial heart valves
  • Weakness or fatigue

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