Nail indications of diseases

Nail indications of diseasesNail indications of diseases

Fingernails are also another indicator that helps you to diagnose any issues in your system. Fingernails provide various clues about your overall health. Problems related to the heart, lungs, or liver can show abnormal changes in the fingernails.

Any changes in the color, texture, or shape of your nails can be harmful even though they seem harmless. They might be signs of developing the disease. It is recommended to see a dermatologist if you see any such suspicious signs in your toenail or fingernail. Don’t panic; just set an appointment with the doctor.

White nails

You must have noticed that fingernails are normally white at the tips, but if the whole nail is white, then it could be a sign of the following issues :

  • Hepatitis or other liver diseases
  • hypoalbuminemia
  • Kidney failure
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Diabetes

Note that it is very rare to have white nails as symptoms of congestive heart failure and diabetes.

Pale Nails

If you notice a pale tint on your fingernails, then it could be an indication of some serious issues that require an immediate professional diagnosis. Some people have pale nails naturally, but if they turn paler than usual, then this could be a warning sign. Pale nails could be signs of the following diseases :

  • Anemia
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Liver disease
  • Malnutrition

Yellow Nails

After excessive usage of nail polish or some other nail treatments, nails turn yellow, so this could often be confused as a normal condition, but sometimes it can be a symptom of the following illnesses :

It should be noted that lung diseases, diabetes, psoriasis, and thyroid are very rare. Fungal infection is the most common cause of yellow nails. If the fungal infection is left untreated, it worsens, which may lead to thick and crumbled nails.

Blue nails

If your fingernails have turned blue, then this can be an alarming sign that your body isn’t getting enough oxygen. Sometimes blue nails are side effects of certain drugs. If your nails turn blue, then it is recommended to instantly omit the consumption of any type of drug.

Blue nails can be the symptoms of the following issues :

  • Lung issues such as emphysema
  • Heart problems
  • Bacterial infection of the nail
  • Wilson’s disease

Red patterns in the nail

Strange red patterns in the nails can be signs of the following issues:

  • Trauma to the nail surface
  • Psoriasis
  • Fungal infection
  • Heart valve infection
  • vasculitis

Dark Lines under the Nail

If you notice wide dark lines beneath your nails, then you should rush towards your doctor as this could be a vital sign of skin cancer such as melanoma.

On rare occasions, dark lines under the nails can not be dangerous as they are more of a common condition among people with darker skin tones.

Cracked nails

If your nails are brittle, meaning they are easily breakable or they often crack, then it could be a sign of :

  • Thyroid
  • Psoriasis
  • Fungal infection

Brittle nails could also be a result of trauma, frequently having contact with water, such as dishwashing, bathing, etc. Sometimes it could also be the side effect of some medications.

If your nails are cracked and appear to be yellowish, then you are more likely to have a fungal infection.

Nail clubbing

This condition takes years to develop. When the tips of the fingers enlarge, and the nails form a curve over the fingertips, then this condition is referred to as Nail clubbing. These are warning signs of the following issues :

  • Lung disease
  • bowel disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Liver disease
  • Thyroid disease
  • STDs such as HIV or AIDS

Puffy or Red Nail Fold

The skin from where your nail grows (the base of your nail) is called the nail fold or cuticle. If your cuticle gets puffy, then this condition is referred to as inflammation of the nail fold. It might be the cause of some bacterial, viral, or yeast infections. It could also be a symptom of connective tissue disease such as lupus.

Pitted Nails

If you notice some pinpoint depressions at the surface of your nails then, there are chances that this is because of some skin disorders, such as Psoriasis or Eczema. It may also be possible that this condition is due to hair loss or arthritis.  In this condition, the skin under the nail appears to be reddish-brown. Discoloration of nails is quite common here.

Nail Lifting

The surface of the nail is called the nail plate; when the skin beneath the nail separates from the nail plate, then this might be the sign of :

  • Psoriasis
  • Fungal infection
  • Pregnancy
  • Thyroid disease

Note that this condition can also arise from the side effects of certain medicines.

It should be kept in mind that nails are not the earliest signs of any diseases, meaning you can not accurately predict an illness based on the abnormalities in your nails. If you are too paranoid about the abnormalities in your nails, then visit a dermatologist as soon as possible.

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