Smoking Increases vision loss

Smoking Increases vision loss

Smoking Increases vision loss

The researchers say the findings suggest that genes, lifestyle and nutrition work together to control inflammation. It is a key part of the process involved in development of vision loss.

Smoked a pack a day for at least seven years will increase your risk of vision loss. To stop smoking if you’re in the early stages. It will prevent Macular degeneration.

What is macular degeneration

The front of the eye contains a lens that focuses images on the retina in the back of the eye. The retina contains special nerve cells that react to light. Nerve cells are very close together in the middle of the retina, where the eye focuses the images that we see. This part of the retina is called the macula. The macula provides the sharp, straight-ahead vision that allows you to see small detail, read fine print, recognize faces, and see street signs.

Macular degeneration is an eye disease and is the most common type of macular damage in adults. Because the disease develops as a person ages, it is often called age-related macular degeneration.AMD is the leading cause of vision loss in people over the age of 50.

 Symptoms of AMD 

Blurriness and dimming of vision
A dark or blank spot in the center of the vision
The size or color of something looks different when viewed through different eyes

If you have any of these symptoms, see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.

What causes age-related macular degeneration?

Genetic factors
Nutritional factors
Smoking
High blood pressure
Exposure to direct sunlight over a period of years
Certain medical conditions

Types of treatments for Macular Degeneration:

Anti-angiogenesis medications: There are several drugs that prevent the growth of abnormal blood vessels. These drugs are injected into the eye at 4-8 week intervals to cause the blood vessels to shrink. This treatment may improve vision in some patients and stabilize it in most patients. The most common of these medicines are Avastin, Lucentis and Eylea.

Photodynamic therapy: The doctor injects a light-sensitive drug into the bloodstream to be absorbed by the abnormal blood vessels in the eye. The doctor then shines a cold laser into the eye to activate the drug, damaging the abnormal blood vessels. PDT is used very infrequently, being supplanted in most instances by the medications above.

Laser therapy: High-energy lights are used to destroy actively growing abnormal blood vessels. Laser is considered in the minority of cases where the leaky vessels are outside the central macular area.

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