Sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases, also known as STDs, are transmitted during sexual intercourse (ie.., through semen or vagina). It may be caused by parasites, bacteria, or viruses. Sexual contact may include acts of kissing, oral contact, or sex toys such as vibrators. It can also pass from one person to another through blood or other fluids of the body.
These diseases are also transmitted genetically, ie.., during pregnancy or childbirth, if the mother is suffering from any STD, that the child would be at risk. Most of the time, STDs do not show symptoms, meaning it’s sometimes very hard to differentiate between a diseased or healthy person.
STDs in women can cause certain complications such as PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) or infertility. Many STDs are curable, others are incurable, but the deadliest of all are HIV and AIDS, which lead to a painful death.
These days, sexually transmitted diseases are very common.
Sexually transmitted diseases in man
The common types of STDs in men are as follows. Often, these diseases do not show any signs or symptoms at all.
- genital herpes
- This is the most common infection in the US.
- Hepatitis A: This is caused by HAV (hepatitis A virus). It is incurable and highly contagious. It is transmitted through food, water, unprotected sexual intercourse, or contaminated seafood.
Sexually transmitted diseases in woman
Studies have proved that women are at a higher risk of transmitting an STD. The most common diseases in women are as follows :
- human papillomavirus (HPV)
- genital herpes
If a man suffers from Chlamydia STI, Gonorrhea, then they don’t show symptoms at all. Sometimes, the symptoms appear after several weeks, such as pain during urination, penis discharge (a green, white, or yellow discharge), or swollen testicles.
Some of the common symptoms in women are as follows :
- Changes in urination, such as burning sensation during urinating, urine containing blood, or frequent urination
- Abnormal vaginal discharge: When the discharge is thick and white, it indicates yeast. Yellow or green discharge are signs of trichomoniasis or gonorrhea.
- Itching in the vaginal area may or may not be a symptom of an STD. Other times it might be a reaction to condoms, pubic lice, genital warts, or yeast infection.
- Pain during sex is not a specific symptom of STD, but abdominal of pelvic pain during sexual intercourse can be a sign of STD.
- Abnormal bleeding is the most common sign of PID.
- The use of amplification techniques such as PCR or polymerase chain reaction tests is performed to diagnose gonorrhea.
- Blood tests: HIV, later stages of syphilis can be diagnosed by conducting a blood test.
- Some of the STIs can be detected by taking out a urine sample and performing certain specific tests on it.
- Fluid samples: If your genital sores are open, then your doctor would take a sample from your sores, and by performing tests on the fluid, the STD can be detected.
Antibiotics can cure sexually transmitted parasitic or bacterial infections, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis. Other STDs like herpes, HIV, or hepatitis B infection can not be cured. Medications are available for these incurable infections, which can only provide relief to some extent.
Both gonorrhea and chlamydia occur at the same time.
With antiviral drugs, it is possible to lower the risk of transmission, and it can provide relief for many years.
The sooner, the better, meaning if you spot any symptoms of STDs or STIs, immediately rush to the doctor for a diagnosis.
- For women, HPV vaccines are available that can help prevent HPV until the age of 45.
- It is highly recommended by doctors. Condoms, barrier methods, dental dams, or female condoms can protect you and your partner from STDs. Please note that oral pills can protect you from unwanted pregnancies but not from STDs.
- Communication is the key. You should maintain a level of trust with your doctor and your partner about your sexual history. STIs and pregnancy